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Floating sea farms: A solution to feed the world and ensure freshwater by 2050

13.9.2023   |   Press monitoring

The sun and the sea – both abundant and free – are being harnessed in a unique project to create vertical sea farms floating on the ocean that can produce fresh water for drinking and agriculture. In what is believed to be a world first, University of South Australia researchers have designed a self-sustaining solar-driven system that evaporates...

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A novel obesity treatment could lie in the exoskeletons of crabs & bugs
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A novel obesity treatment could lie in the exoskeletons of crabs & bugs

11.9.2023   |   Press monitoring

Chitin, which provides crucial exoskeletal structure and protection to soft-bodied arthropods such as crustaceans, spiders and insects, may have a surprising role in being able to modulate metabolism and fight weight gain in mammals. Chitin has been the focus of research into everything from stronger materials to better drug delivery. It's even...

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Why bats carry viruses that have higher fatality rates in humans than those from other mammals
Credit: Cynthia Goldsmith_Wikipedia

Why bats carry viruses that have higher fatality rates in humans than those from other mammals

8.9.2023   |   Press monitoring

A small team of biologists and evolutionists from the University of Chicago, York University, the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Exeter reports why bats carry viruses that cause higher fatality rates when jumping to humans than those that come from any other mammal. In their study, reported on the open-access site PLOS...

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Material uses live cyanobacteria to neutralize waterborne pollutants
Credit: CONTIPRO

Material uses live cyanobacteria to neutralize waterborne pollutants

6.9.2023   |   Press monitoring

We often hear of cyanobacteria as being the cause of toxic blue-green algae blooms in lakes and rivers. Soon, however, a 3D-printed material that incorporates the microbes could be used to help purify polluted water – and after the bacteria are finished, they'll kill themselves. Developed by a team of scientists at the University of California...

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Vaccines to prevent fentanyl, heroin overdose close to human trials
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Vaccines to prevent fentanyl, heroin overdose close to human trials

4.9.2023   |   Press monitoring

Opioids – especially synthetic opioids – are the main driver of drug-related overdose deaths. The availability of drugs like heroin and fentanyl continues to feed the problem of opioid dependence and places users at risk of death. They’re also difficult drugs to quit. While the streets are unlikely to ever be clear of drugs like heroin and...

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Waste colonies yield bacterium with 3 enzymes that may break down polyester

1.9.2023   |   Press monitoring

Scientists have enriched expanded polystyrene waste from a beach in Ireland to isolate a bacterium shown to contain three enzymes that could break down polyester. The team, from Brunel University London, is studying microorganisms that can degrade plastic, in the hope the microorganisms or their plastic-degrading enzymes can be used to manage the...

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Titanium micro-spikes skewer resistant superbugs

30.8.2023   |   Press monitoring

A new study suggests rough surfaces inspired by the bacteria-killing spikes on insect wings may be more effective at combating drug-resistant superbugs, including fungus, than previously understood. To avoid infection around implants – such as titanium hips or dental prosthesis – doctors use a range of antimicrobial coatings, chemicals and...

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Novel treatment for myocardial infarction uses nanovesicles to modulate immune response
Credit: Dmytro Tolokonov - Fotolia.com

Novel treatment for myocardial infarction uses nanovesicles to modulate immune response

28.8.2023   |   Press monitoring

Myocardial infarction is an ischemic heart disease in which the coronary arteries – the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart – become narrowed or blocked, resulting in insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle, which causes nutrient and oxygen deficiency in the myocardium, leading to poor heart function. Dr. Yoon Ki Joung and Dr. Juro...

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Tiny magnetic beads produce an optical signal that could be used to quickly detect pathogens
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Tiny magnetic beads produce an optical signal that could be used to quickly detect pathogens

25.8.2023   |   Press monitoring

Getting results from a blood test can take anywhere from one day to a week, depending on what a test is targeting. The same goes for tests of water pollution and food contamination. And in most cases, the wait time has to do with time-consuming steps in sample processing and analysis. Now, MIT engineers have identified a new optical signature in...

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Longevity gene from naked mole rats extends lifespan of mice
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Longevity gene from naked mole rats extends lifespan of mice

23.8.2023   |   Press monitoring

In a groundbreaking endeavor, researchers at the University of Rochester have successfully transferred a longevity gene from naked mole rats to mice, resulting in improved health and an extension of the mouse's lifespan. Naked mole rats, known for their long lifespans and exceptional resistance to age-related diseases, have long captured the...

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