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Refresher Plant Biotechnology


Authors: Dheeraj Kumar Tyagi, Anuj Kumar Tyagi, Akhileshwer Tyagi, Malti Devi, Aman Mitra, Sonam Tyagi
Publishing: Kindle Edition
Published: 2013

Applications of Plant Biotechnology in Crop Improvement, Micro-techniques, Plant Genetic Engineering and Production of Transgenic Plants, Applications of Cell Culture Systems in Metabolic Engineering, Molecular farming and Applications.

Unit 1.Applications of Plant Biotechnology in Crop Improvement

Introduction to plant tissue culture, lab facilities and operations, tissue culture media: preparation and handling, establishing aseptic cultures; Micropropagation via axillary and adventitious shoot proliferation; Somatic embryogenesis; production of artificial seeds; Double haploid production by androgenesis and gynogenesis; triploid production by endosperm culture; production of virus free plants by meristem, shoot-tip culture; Cell Suspension cultures; protoplast isolation and regeneration, somatic hybridization and cybridization; protoclonal, somaclonal and gametoclonal variation for crop improvement; Cryopreservation

Unit 2.Cytology and various staining procedures for ploidy analysis; microscopy with special emphasis on confocal, scanning and transmission electron microscopy; Principles and applications of flow cytometry and cell sorting; histological techniques.

Unit 3.Plant Genetic Engineering and Production of Transgenic Plants

Genetic material of plant cells with an introduction to chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA; Restriction enzymes; Transformation of plant cells; different type of vectors including viral vectors and their benefits; Modes of gene delivery in plants: Particle bombardment, electroporation, microinjection; Agrobacterium mediated gene transfer, Ti and Ri plasmids; Screening and selection of transformants, PCR and hybridization methods; Transgene selection and silencing; Generation and maintenance of transgenic plants, Bt cotton, golden rice and some others as examples.

Unit 4.Application of Cell Culture Systems in Metabolic Engineering

Advantages of cell, tissue and organ culture as source of secondary metabolites; hairy root cultures; screening of high yielding cell lines; procedures for extraction of high value industrial products, fractionation, bioassays; growth and production kinetics of cell cultures in shake flasks; scale-up procedures in bioreactors, types of bireactors for plant cell cultures; Manipulation in production profile by biotic and abiotic elicitation; biotransformation.

Unit 5.Molecular Farming and Applications

Aims and scope, bottlenecks; production of industrial enzymes, biodegradable plastics, polyhydroxybutyrate, antibodies, edible vaccines; manipulation of metabolic pathways for production of fatty acids, industrial oils, terpenoids, flavanoids etc.




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  • Budvar
  • CAVD
  • CZBA
  • Eco Tend
  • Envisan Gem
  • Gentrend
  • JAIP
  • Jihočeská univerzita
  • Madeta
  • Forestina