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Bacillus thuringiensis

Bacillus thuringiensis (or Bt) is a gram-positive, soil-dwelling bacterium, commonly used as a biological...

bacteriophage

A bacteriophage is any one of a number of viruses that infect bacteria. They do this by injecting genetic...

benzoic acid

Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid....

beta sheet

The beta sheet is the second form of regular secondary structure in proteins, only somewhat less common than...

binary fission

In biology, fission is the subdivision of a cell (or body, population, or species) into two or more parts and the...

bioaugmentation

Bioaugmentation is the introduction of a group of natural microbial strains or a genetically engineered variant to...

biochemistry

Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes in living organisms,...

biocide

A biocide is a chemical substance or microorganism which can deter, render harmless, or exert a controlling effect...

biocoenosis

A biocoenosis (biocoenose, biocenose, biotic community, biological community, ecological community) describes the...

biodiversity

Biodiversity is the degree of variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome, or an entire planet....

biofuel

Biofuel is a type of fuel whose energy is derived from biological carbon fixation. Biofuels include fuels derived...

bioindicator

Biological indicators are species used to monitor the health of an environment or ecosystem. They are any...

biomass

Biomass, as a renewable energy source, is biological material from living, or recently living organisms. As an...

biome

Biomes are climatically and geographically defined as similar climatic conditions on the Earth, such as...

biomimetics

Biomimicry or biomimetics is the examination of nature, its models, systems, processes, and elements to emulate or...

bioplastic

Bioplastics are a form of plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats and oils, corn...

biopolymers

Biopolymers are polymers produced by living organisms. Since they are polymers, biopolymers contain monomeric...

biopsy

A biopsy is a medical test commonly performed by a surgeon or an interventional radiologist involving sampling...

bioremediation

Bioremediation is the use of microorganism metabolism to remove pollutants. Some examples of bioremediation...

biosynthesis

Biosynthesis is an enzyme-catalyzed process in cells of living organisms by which substrates are converted to...

biota

Biota are the total collection of organisms of a geographic region or a time period, from local geographic scales...

biotechnology

Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in...

biotin

Biotin, also known as vitamin H or coenzyme R, is a water-soluble B-vitamin (vitamin B7). It is composed of a...

biotite

Biotite is a common phyllosilicate mineral within the mica group.  Biotite is a sheet silicate. Iron,...

biotope

Biotope is an area of uniform environmental conditions providing a living place for a specific assemblage of...


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