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C

callus

a structure formed by plant cells that did not pass differentiation but are able to divide

cancer

Cancer known medically as a malignant neoplasm, is a broad group of various diseases, all involving...

cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are a class of diverse chemical compounds that activate cannabinoid receptors. These include the...

capilar isoelectric focusing

Capilat isoelectric focusing (IEF), also known as electrofocusing, is a technique for separating different...

capsid

A capsid is the protein shell of a virus. It consists of several oligomeric structural subunits made of protein...

Carcinoma

Carcinoma is a malign tumor originating from the epitelial tissue. The carcinoma originating from glandular...

carotenes

The term carotene is used for several related unsaturated hydrocarbon substances having the formula C40Hx,...

catalase

Catalase is a common enzyme found in nearly all living organisms exposed to oxygen. It catalyzes the decomposition...

cell division

Cell division is the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more daughter cells. Cell division is...

cell membrane

The cell membrane is a biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside...

cell wall

The cell wall is the tough, usually flexible but sometimes fairly rigid layer that surrounds some types of cells....

centrosome

In cell biology, the centrosome is an organelle that serves as the main microtubule organizing center (MTOC) of...

cerebrospinal fluid

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), Liquor cerebrospinalis, is a clear, colorless, bodily fluid, that occupies the...

chemostat

A chemostat (from Chemical environment is static) is a bioreactor to which fresh medium is continuously added,...

chimerism

Chimerism is a situation when there is one body with two cell populations. A chimera a single organism that is...

chitin

Chitin is a long-chain polymer of a N-acetylglucosamine, a derivative of glucose, and is found in many places...

chlorophyll

Chlorophyll (also chlorophyl) is a green pigment found in almost all plants, algae, and cyanobac...

chloroplast

Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells and other eukaryotic organisms that conduct photosynthesis....

cholesterol

Cholesterol is an organic chemical substance classified as a waxy steroid of fat. It is an essential...

chorionic villus sampling

Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is a form of prenatal diagnosis to determine chromosomal or genetic disorders in...

chromatin

Chromatin is the combination of DNA and proteins that make up the contents of the nucleus of a cell. The primary...

chromosome

A chromosome is an organized structure of DNAand protein found in cells. It is a single piece of coiled DNA...

cilium

A cilium is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. Cilia are slender protuberances that project from the...

clone

Clone in biology and agriculture is any organism whose genetic information is identical to that of a parent...

cloning

Cloning in biology is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that...

cocaine

Cocaine (benzoylmethylecgonine) is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca...

coenzyme (cofactor)

A coenzyme (cofactor) is a non-protein chemical compound that is bound to a protein and is required for the...

coenzyme A

Coenzyme A (CoA, CoASH, or HSCoA) is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty...

coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10, also known as ubiquinone, ubidecarenone, coenzyme Q, and abbreviated at times to CoQ10, CoQ, or Q10...

collagen

Collagen is a group of naturally occurring proteins found in animals, especially in the flesh and connective...

colostrum

Colostrum (also known as first milk) is a form of milk produced by the mammary glands of mammals (including...

crossing over

Chromosomal crossover (or crossing over) is an exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes. It is...

cryopreservation

Cryopreservation is a process where cells, whole tissues, or any other substances susceptible to damage caused by...

cysteine

Cysteine (abbreviated as Cys or C) is an amino acid with the chemical formula HO2CCH(NH2)CH2SH. It is a...

cytokinesis

Cytokinesis is the process in which the cytoplasm of a single eukaryotic cell is divided to form two daughter...

cytolysis

Cytolysis, or osmotic lysis, occurs when a cell bursts due to an osmotic imbalance that has caused excess water to...

cytoplasm

The cytoplasm is the gel-like substance residing between the cell membrane holding all the cell\'s internal...

cytosine

Cytosine (C) is one of the four main bases found in DNA and RNA, along with adenine, guanine, and...

cytoskeleton

The cytoskeleton (also CSK) is a cellular scaffolding or skeleton contained within a cells cytoplasm and is made...

cytostome

A cytostome or cell mouth is a part of a cell specialized for phagocytosis, usually in the form of a...


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