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G

galalith

Galalith, is a synthetic plastic material manufactured by the interaction of casein and formaldehyde. Given a...

gelatin

Gelatin (or gelatine) is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless solid substance, derived from...

gemete

A gamete is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization (conception) in organisms that reproduce...

gene

A gene is a segment of linear DNA molecule carrying specific information and a molecular unit of heredity of...

gene expression

Gene expression is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene...

gene pool

In population genetics, a gene pool is the complete set of unique alleles in a species or population. A large...

genetic code

The genetic code is the set of rules by which information encoded in genetic material (DNA or mRNA sequences) is...

genetic disorder

A genetic disorder is an illness caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes, especially a condition that is...

genetic fingerprinting

Genetic fingerprinting (also called DNA testing or DNA typing) is a technique employed by forensic scientists...

genetic polymorphism

Genetic polymorphism in biology occurs when two or more clearly different phenotypes exist in the same population...

genetically modified organism (GMO)

A genetically modified organism (GMO) or genetically engineered organism (GEO) is an organism whose genetic...

genome

The genome is the entirety of an organism\'s hereditary information. It is encoded either in DNA or, for many...

genosome

A genosome (also known as a lipoplex) is a lipid and DNA complex that is used to deliver genes. It can be a form...

glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the optic nerve is damaged in a characteristic pattern. This can permanently...

glutamic acid

Glutamic acid (abbreviated as Glu or E) is one of the 22 proteinogenic amino acids, and its codons are GAA and...

glycogen

Glycogen is a molecule that serves as the secondary long-term energy storage in animal and fungal cells, with the...

glycoproteins

Glycoproteins are proteins that contain oligosaccharide chains (glycans) covalently attached to polypeptide...

glyphosate

Glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine) is a broad-spectrum systemic herbicide used to kill weeds, especially...

Golgi apparatus

The Golgi apparatus, also known as the Golgi complex or Golgi body, is an organelle found in most eukaryotic...

gonosome

A gonosome is a sex chromosome that differs from an ordinary autosome in form, size, or behavior. The human sex...

gram-negative bacteria

Gram-negative bacteria are bacteria that do not retain crystal violet dye in the Gram staining protocol.  In...

gram-positive bacteria

Gram-positive bacteria are those that are stained dark blue or violet by Gram staining. This is in contrast to...

guanine

Guanine (G) is one of the four main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA, the others being adenine,...


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