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T

T-2 mycotoxine

T-2 mycotoxine is a trichothecene mycotoxine. It is a naturally occurring mold byproduct of Fusarium spp fungus...

T-lymphocyte

T cells or T lymphocytes belong to a group of white blood cells known as lymphocytes, and play a central role in...

telomerase

Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein that is an enzyme which adds DNA sequence repeats (\"TTAGGG\" in all...

telomeres

A telomere is a region of repetitive nucleotide sequences at each end of a chromosome, which protects the end of...

thermophile

A thermophile is an organism — a type of extremophile — that thrives at relatively high temperatures,...

threonine

Threonine (abbreviated as Thr or T) is an amino acid. Its codons are ACU, ACA, ACC, and ACG. This essential amino...

thylakoids

A thylakoid is a membrane-bound compartment inside chloroplasts and cyanobacteria. They are the site of the...

thymine

Thymine (T, Thy) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of DNA. The others are adenine, guanine, and...

thymine riboside

The chemical compound thymine riboside (5-methyluridine, also called ribothymidine), is a pyrimidine nucleoside....

thyroxine

The thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), are tyrosine-based hormones produced by the...

tick-born encephalitis

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral infectious disease involving the central nervous system. The disease most...

tobacco mosaic virus

Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is a positive-sense single stranded RNA virus that infects plants, especially tobacco...

transamination

Transamination (or aminotransfer) is a chemical reaction between two molecules. One is an amino acid, which...

transcription

Transcription is the process of creating a complementary RNA copy of a sequence of DNA. Both RNA and DNA are...

transduction

Transduction is the process by which DNA is transferred from one bacterium to another by a virus. It also refers...

translation

Translation is the third stage of protein biosynthesis (part of the overall process of gene expression). In...

trichome

Trichomes are fine outgrowths or appendages on plants and certain protists. These are of diverse structure...

trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis, sometimes referred to as trich, is a common cause of vaginitis. It is a sexually transmitted...

triglycerides

A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty...

tRNA

Transfer RNA (tRNA) is an adaptor molecule composed of RNA, typically 73 to 93 nucleotides in length, that is used...

tropine

Tropine is a derivative of tropane containing a hydroxyl group at third carbon. It is also called...

trypsin

Trypsin is a serine protease found in the digestive system of many vertebrates, where it hydrolyses...

turbidostat

A turbidostat is a continuous culture device which has feedback between the turbidity of the culture vessel and...

turgor

Turgor pressure pushes the plasma membrane against the cell wall of plant, bacteria, and fungi cells as well as...

tyrosine

Tyrosine (abbreviated as Tyr or Y) or 4-hydroxyphenylalanine, is one of the 22 amino acids that are used by cells...


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